With summer coming to a close, the holidays will be here before you know it! What better time to reflect on those pesky AP style mistakes to avoid?
But first, listen, I like to write conversationally. In doing so, I don’t pay as much attention as I probably should to “by the book” language rules and style. I’m guilty, but at least I know I’m guilty. Maybe it’ll be a resolution I try and uphold this year, I don’t know.
But in all seriousness, nothing will earn you more stocking coal as a freelance writer trying to land jobs online without experience than egregious, way-too-obvious mistakes. I’m talking not knowing “their” from “there,” “your” from “you’re”, and putting your apostrophe’s where they don’t belong (see what I did there).
Anyway, the common AP mistakes listed below actually aren’t as nefarious because they are “common” and thus occur often; even going undetected by those with eyesight good enough to see you when you’re sleeping.
But either way, if your goal is to make it as a freelance writer, your actual product needs to be as flawless as possible, as any editor worth their salted sidewalk will ding you for such slip-ups. Every. Single. Time.
What is AP Style Anyway?
AP is the Associated Press, and Associated Press Style is a set of issued writing guidelines that are strictly followed by many magazines and newspapers, along with those in public relations. The goal in establishing such guidelines is to provide consistency and brevity across these many different sources of content.
Common AP Style Mistakes for the Holidays
With that said, some choose to ignore the AP style like Scrooge ignores the suffering of those around him, while others commit errors unknowingly.
And tis’ the season, so it’s only right to start with Thanksgiving, and then on to the winter holidays before highlighting some of the most common missteps in general—all of which are best told by @APStylebook on Twitter.
First, The “Inception” Tweet
Or maybe an onion of a tweet? Either way, there are so many layers here! Let’s start peeling…
- Holidays are always capitalized (“Thanksgiving” and even “Thanksgiving Day”)
- Numbers used referring to order are spelled out when one through nine (“fourth”)
- Days of the week should be capitalized and not abbreviated (“Thursday”)
- Months are spelled out when used without a date or year (“November”)
The “Day” is the Star of the Show
Meaning, there is only one day when it comes to “Thanksgiving Day,” but many days over Thanksgiving weekend, and even more days in the following Christmas season.
Does that make sense? Sounded better in my head, but maybe it’ll resonate, so I’ll leave it. Point being, when referring to the special day, treat it in a special way by capitalizing it.
A Number Rule as Juicy as the Bird it’s Cooking
Usually (usually), generally accepted standards or common ways of doing things make sense. Meaning, there is typically sound rationale behind a thing being done one way over and over again versus it being done in an alternative matter altogether.
So, while numbers one through nine are always written out as words, recipes add a dash of much-welcomed logic.
Imagine if a similar statement were written out using the one through nine rule…
“For a nine-pound turkey, roast three to four hours at 325 F.”
So cumbersome. So unnecessary. Getting the feast on the table is hard enough.
Everything You Need to Know for Christmas—Tidy With a Bow
Twitter is great for this reason. 140 character’s-worth of Christmas rules to be aware of:
And if we want to play “one of these things is not like the other”—”Christmastime” should be banned as a word, as it just looks strange, and doesn’t invoke a shred of holiday emotion when compared to the rest of that all-star word lineup.
New Year, New You
Actually, to follow the rule, it’s new year, new you. New Year’s, New Year’s Day, and New Year’s Eve all get the capitalization treatment, but the new you and year must stay lowercase.
Other AP Style Mistakes to Aware Of, Year-Round
The holidays are great and fun and all, but they’re only around for part of the year, and thus, only written about for part of the year as well.
So, here are a few other, shall we call them “evergreen” AP style situations and potential mistakes you want to be aware of.
Writing Out Numbers as Words
When you’re using numbers in your writing, which do you spell out, and which do you simply state as numbers/figures?
The rule is as follows:
- One through nine, words are sublime…Meaning, when referring to a number between one and nine, you write out the word, as I’m doing here.
- 10 and up, the number’s enough…Meaning, when referring to a number 10 or greater, you state the number figure rather than the word.
As if the general rule wasn’t enough to worry about, think about what happens when you come across a combination of such numbers in a given sentence. As in:
“It took four hours for Sally to walk 10 miles.” It just looks wrong, right?
And don’t forget about numbers when percentages—those should always be used as figures and not words.
Further vs. Farther
This is definitely one of the more “chameleon” errors, as its incorrect usage will go undetected by most of the people doing the reading. That said, you should know the difference between the two.
- “Farther” is used when referring to physical distance. “Tommy can throw a baseball farther than Jack.”
- “Further” is used in a metaphorical sense, and also when you’re extending a period of time. “I need to look further into the fact that Tommy can throw the ball farther than Jack” or “The statement that Tommy can throw the ball farther than Jack couldn’t be further from the truth.”
OK vs. Okay
OK, I’ll file this one into the “what’s correct actually seems like it should be incorrect” category. Maybe it’s because it’s a capitalized abbreviation rather than an actual word, I don’t know. Either way, I don’t like it, but I don’t make the rules, I only write about them.
In case you haven’t guessed from my blathering and from the usage above, “OK” is correct, “okay” is not. Here it is straight from the horse’s mouth. Again, it’s on Twitter, so it must be true.
Months? Seriously? How can we possibly get these wrong? Well, things get a little hairy when they’re used with days of the month, but not years, or with years, but not days of the month, or, even when they’re abbreviated.
- If a month is used with a date, abbreviate the month if it is any month that is not March-July. So, “Major League baseball is set to kick off April 2” and “Major League baseball finishes up yet another regular season Oct. 1.”
- If a month is used without a date, spell it out, no matter which month it is. “Spring Training for Major League baseball begins in March.”
- Also spell out months if they are used with a year, as is “Spring 2018 is bound to be a special time of year for many of baseball’s brightest young stars.”
“Ward” Off Evil Grammar Spirits
I’ll chalk this one up to people speaking a particular way so often, that it translates to writing. Then, when it comes time for others to read it and sound it out in their heads, it mostly sounds legit.
If anything here, always err on the one that saves you time when typing it out. I mean, think of how many years of productivity you’d get back by not having to write out all of those extra s’s. (Bonus tip: single letters get apostrophes when stated plural!)
Those in B2B writing should know this. Those special reports you’re always referring to? They’re white papers, not whitepapers. I only bring it up because I think it’s a lame name in the first place, and now we have to be confused as to whether it should be one word or two.
A couple of different related “gotchas” to watch out for:
- Internet is always capitalized
- Web is always capitalized when referring to the World Wide Web
And you’ll look a bit old fashioned if you fall victim to these:
- “Web site” is no longer a thing. “Website” is what you need.
- “e-mail” was cool when AOL was the hottest of the hot. “Email” is now standard.
- “on-line” follows the same argument, and is “online.”
Actually…they’re both right. Tell me why, because this is just infuriating.
So, there you have it. There are more; a lot more. When you’re unsure, Googling helps, but also follow the AP Stylebook on Twitter, as the account has hashed out pretty much every common AP style mistake you might run across.